Installation on Google GKE

GKE Requirements

  1. Install the Google Cloud SDK (gcloud) see [Installing Google Cloud SDK](
  2. Create a project or use an existing one
export GKE_PROJECT=gke-clusters
gcloud projects create $GKE_PROJECT
  1. Enable the GKE API for the project if not already done
gcloud services enable --project $GKE_PROJECT

Create a GKE Cluster

You can apply any method to create a GKE cluster. The example given here is using the Google Cloud SDK. This guide will create a cluster on zone europe-west4-a; feel free to change the zone if you are in a different region of the globe.

export GKE_ZONE="europe-west4-a"
gcloud container --project $GKE_PROJECT clusters create cluster1 \
   --username "admin" --image-type COS --num-nodes 2 --zone ${GKE_ZONE}

When done, you should be able to access your cluster like this:

kubectl get nodes
NAME                                      STATUS   ROLES    AGE   VERSION
gke-cluster1-default-pool-a63a765c-flr2   Ready    <none>   6m    v1.11.7-gke.4
gke-cluster1-default-pool-a63a765c-z73c   Ready    <none>   6m    v1.11.7-gke.4

Create a cluster-admin-binding

kubectl create clusterrolebinding cluster-admin-binding --clusterrole cluster-admin --user

Prepare the Cluster Nodes

By deploying the cilium-node-init DaemonSet, GKE worker nodes are automatically prepared to run Cilium as they are added to the cluster. The DaemonSet will:

  • Mount the BPF filesystem
  • Enable kubelet to operate in CNI mode
  • Install the Cilium CNI configuration file
kubectl create namespace cilium
kubectl -n cilium apply -f

Restart kube-dns

kube-dns is already running but is still managed by the original GKE network plugin. Restart kube-dns to ensure it is managed by Cilium.

kubectl -n kube-system delete pod -l k8s-app=kube-dns

Deploy Cilium + cilium-etcd-operator

The following all-in-one YAML will deploy all required components to bring up Cilium including an etcd cluster managed by the cilium-etcd-operator.

kubectl apply -f
kubectl apply -f
kubectl apply -f
kubectl apply -f
kubectl apply -f
kubectl apply -f
kubectl apply -f

Restart remaining pods

Once Cilium is up and running, restart all pods in kube-system so they can be managed by Cilium, similar to the steps that we have previously performed for kube-dns

$ kubectl delete pods -n kube-system $(kubectl get pods -n kube-system -o,HOSTNETWORK:.spec.hostNetwork --no-headers=true | grep '<none>' | awk '{ print $1 }')
pod "event-exporter-v0.2.3-f9c896d75-cbvcz" deleted
pod "fluentd-gcp-scaler-69d79984cb-nfwwk" deleted
pod "heapster-v1.6.0-beta.1-56d5d5d87f-qw8pv" deleted
pod "kube-dns-5f8689dbc9-2nzft" deleted
pod "kube-dns-5f8689dbc9-j7x5f" deleted
pod "kube-dns-autoscaler-76fcd5f658-22r72" deleted
pod "kube-state-metrics-7d9774bbd5-n6m5k" deleted
pod "l7-default-backend-6f8697844f-d2rq2" deleted
pod "metrics-server-v0.3.1-54699c9cc8-7l5w2" deleted