This guides takes you through the quick installation procedure. The default settings will store all required state using Kubernetes custom resource definitions (CRDs). This is the simplest installation method as it only depends on Kubernetes and does not require additional external dependencies. It is a good option for environments up to about 250 nodes. For bigger environments or for environments which want to leverage the clustermesh functionality, a kvstore set up is required which can be set up using an Installation with external etcd or using the Installation with managed etcd.
Please consult the Kubernetes Requirements for information on how you need to configure your Kubernetes cluster to operate with Cilium.
kubectl create -f https://raw.githubusercontent.com/cilium/cilium/v1.9/install/kubernetes/quick-install.yaml
Validate the Installation¶
You can monitor as Cilium and all required components are being installed:
kubectl -n kube-system get pods --watch NAME READY STATUS RESTARTS AGE cilium-operator-cb4578bc5-q52qk 0/1 Pending 0 8s cilium-s8w5m 0/1 PodInitializing 0 7s coredns-86c58d9df4-4g7dd 0/1 ContainerCreating 0 8m57s coredns-86c58d9df4-4l6b2 0/1 ContainerCreating 0 8m57s
It may take a couple of minutes for all components to come up:
cilium-operator-cb4578bc5-q52qk 1/1 Running 0 4m13s cilium-s8w5m 1/1 Running 0 4m12s coredns-86c58d9df4-4g7dd 1/1 Running 0 13m coredns-86c58d9df4-4l6b2 1/1 Running 0 13m
Deploy the connectivity test¶
You can deploy the “connectivity-check” to test connectivity between pods. It is recommended to create a separate namespace for this.
kubectl create ns cilium-test
Deploy the check with:
kubectl apply -n cilium-test -f https://raw.githubusercontent.com/cilium/cilium/v1.9/examples/kubernetes/connectivity-check/connectivity-check.yaml
It will deploy a series of deployments which will use various connectivity paths to connect to each other. Connectivity paths include with and without service load-balancing and various network policy combinations. The pod name indicates the connectivity variant and the readiness and liveness gate indicates success or failure of the test:
$ kubectl get pods -n cilium-test NAME READY STATUS RESTARTS AGE echo-a-76c5d9bd76-q8d99 1/1 Running 0 66s echo-b-795c4b4f76-9wrrx 1/1 Running 0 66s echo-b-host-6b7fc94b7c-xtsff 1/1 Running 0 66s host-to-b-multi-node-clusterip-85476cd779-bpg4b 1/1 Running 0 66s host-to-b-multi-node-headless-dc6c44cb5-8jdz8 1/1 Running 0 65s pod-to-a-79546bc469-rl2qq 1/1 Running 0 66s pod-to-a-allowed-cnp-58b7f7fb8f-lkq7p 1/1 Running 0 66s pod-to-a-denied-cnp-6967cb6f7f-7h9fn 1/1 Running 0 66s pod-to-b-intra-node-nodeport-9b487cf89-6ptrt 1/1 Running 0 65s pod-to-b-multi-node-clusterip-7db5dfdcf7-jkjpw 1/1 Running 0 66s pod-to-b-multi-node-headless-7d44b85d69-mtscc 1/1 Running 0 66s pod-to-b-multi-node-nodeport-7ffc76db7c-rrw82 1/1 Running 0 65s pod-to-external-1111-d56f47579-d79dz 1/1 Running 0 66s pod-to-external-fqdn-allow-google-cnp-78986f4bcf-btjn7 0/1 Running 0 66s
If you deploy the connectivity check to a single node cluster, pods that check multi-node
functionalities will remain in the
Pending state. This is expected since these pods
need at least 2 nodes to be scheduled successfully.