Cluster Scope (Default)

The cluster-scope IPAM mode assigns per-node PodCIDRs to each node and allocates IPs using a host-scope allocator on each node. It is thus similar to the Kubernetes Host Scope mode. The difference is that instead of Kubernetes assigning the per-node PodCIDRs via the Kubernetes v1.Node resource, the Cilium operator will manage the per-node PodCIDRs via the v2.CiliumNode resource. The advantage of this mode is that it does not depend on Kubernetes being configured to hand out per-node PodCIDRs.



This is useful if Kubernetes cannot be configured to hand out PodCIDRs or if more control is needed.

In this mode, the Cilium agent will wait on startup until the podCIDRs range are made available via the Cilium Node v2.CiliumNode object for all enabled address families via the resource field set in the v2.CiliumNode:




IPv4 and/or IPv6 PodCIDR range


For a practical tutorial on how to enable this mode in Cilium, see CRD-Backed by Cilium Cluster-Pool IPAM.

Expanding the cluster pool

Don’t change any existing elements of the clusterPoolIPv4PodCIDRList list, as changes cause unexpected behavior. If the pool is exhausted, add a new element to the list instead. The minimum mask length is /30, with a recommended minimum mask length of at least /29. The reason to add new elements rather than change existing elements is that the allocator reserves 2 IPs per CIDR block for the network and broadcast addresses. Changing clusterPoolIPv4MaskSize is also not possible.


Look for allocation errors

Check the Error field in the status.ipam.operator-status field:

kubectl get ciliumnodes -o jsonpath='{range .items[*]}{}{"\t"}{.status.ipam.operator-status}{"\n"}{end}'

Check for conflicting node CIDRs is the default pod CIDR. If your node network is in the same range you will lose connectivity to other nodes. All egress traffic will be assumed to target pods on a given node rather than other nodes.

You can solve it in two ways:

  • Explicitly set clusterPoolIPv4PodCIDRList to a non-conflicting CIDR

  • Use a different CIDR for your nodes