Further Reading

Mentioned lists of docs, projects, talks, papers, and further reading material are likely not complete. Thus, feel free to open pull requests to complete the list.

Kernel Developer FAQ

Under Documentation/bpf/, the Linux kernel provides two FAQ files that are mainly targeted for kernel developers involved in the BPF subsystem.

Projects using BPF

The following list includes a selection of open source projects making use of BPF respectively provide tooling for BPF. In this context the eBPF instruction set is specifically meant instead of projects utilizing the legacy cBPF:

Tracing

  • BCC

    BCC stands for BPF Compiler Collection and its key feature is to provide a set of easy to use and efficient kernel tracing utilities all based upon BPF programs hooking into kernel infrastructure based upon kprobes, kretprobes, tracepoints, uprobes, uretprobes as well as USDT probes. The collection provides close to hundred tools targeting different layers across the stack from applications, system libraries, to the various different kernel subsystems in order to analyze a system’s performance characteristics or problems. Additionally, BCC provides an API in order to be used as a library for other projects.

    https://github.com/iovisor/bcc

  • bpftrace

    bpftrace is a DTrace-style dynamic tracing tool for Linux and uses LLVM as a back end to compile scripts to BPF-bytecode and makes use of BCC for interacting with the kernel’s BPF tracing infrastructure. It provides a higher-level language for implementing tracing scripts compared to native BCC.

    https://github.com/ajor/bpftrace

  • perf

    The perf tool which is developed by the Linux kernel community as part of the kernel source tree provides a way to load tracing BPF programs through the conventional perf record subcommand where the aggregated data from BPF can be retrieved and post processed in perf.data for example through perf script and other means.

    https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux.git/tree/tools/perf

  • ply

    ply is a tracing tool that follows the ‘Little Language’ approach of yore, and compiles ply scripts into Linux BPF programs that are attached to kprobes and tracepoints in the kernel. The scripts have a C-like syntax, heavily inspired by DTrace and by extension awk. ply keeps dependencies to very minimum and only requires flex and bison at build time, only libc at runtime.

    https://github.com/wkz/ply

  • systemtap

    systemtap is a scripting language and tool for extracting, filtering and summarizing data in order to diagnose and analyze performance or functional problems. It comes with a BPF back end called stapbpf which translates the script directly into BPF without the need of an additional compiler and injects the probe into the kernel. Thus, unlike stap’s kernel modules this does neither have external dependencies nor requires to load kernel modules.

    https://sourceware.org/git/gitweb.cgi?p=systemtap.git;a=summary

  • PCP

    Performance Co-Pilot (PCP) is a system performance and analysis framework which is able to collect metrics through a variety of agents as well as analyze collected systems’ performance metrics in real-time or by using historical data. With pmdabcc, PCP has a BCC based performance metrics domain agent which extracts data from the kernel via BPF and BCC.

    https://github.com/performancecopilot/pcp

  • Weave Scope

    Weave Scope is a cloud monitoring tool collecting data about processes, networking connections or other system data by making use of BPF in combination with kprobes. Weave Scope works on top of the gobpf library in order to load BPF ELF files into the kernel, and comes with a tcptracer-bpf tool which monitors connect, accept and close calls in order to trace TCP events.

    https://github.com/weaveworks/scope

Networking

  • Cilium

    Cilium provides and transparently secures network connectivity and load-balancing between application workloads such as application containers or processes. Cilium operates at Layer 3/4 to provide traditional networking and security services as well as Layer 7 to protect and secure use of modern application protocols such as HTTP, gRPC and Kafka. It is integrated into orchestration frameworks such as Kubernetes. BPF is the foundational part of Cilium that operates in the kernel’s networking data path.

    https://github.com/cilium/cilium

  • iproute2

    iproute2 offers the ability to load BPF programs as LLVM generated ELF files into the kernel. iproute2 supports both, XDP BPF programs as well as tc BPF programs through a common BPF loader backend. The tc and ip command line utilities enable loader and introspection functionality for the user.

    https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/network/iproute2/iproute2.git/

  • p4c-xdp

    p4c-xdp presents a P4 compiler backend targeting BPF and XDP. P4 is a domain specific language describing how packets are processed by the data plane of a programmable network element such as NICs, appliances or switches, and with the help of p4c-xdp P4 programs can be translated into BPF C programs which can be compiled by clang / LLVM and loaded as BPF programs into the kernel at XDP layer for high performance packet processing.

    https://github.com/vmware/p4c-xdp

Others

  • LLVM

    clang / LLVM provides the BPF back end in order to compile C BPF programs into BPF instructions contained in ELF files. The LLVM BPF back end is developed alongside with the BPF core infrastructure in the Linux kernel and maintained by the same community. clang / LLVM is a key part in the toolchain for developing BPF programs.

    https://llvm.org/

  • bpftool

    bpftool is the main tool for introspecting and debugging BPF programs and BPF maps, and like libbpf is developed by the Linux kernel community. It allows for dumping all active BPF programs and maps in the system, dumping and disassembling BPF or JITed BPF instructions from a program as well as dumping and manipulating BPF maps in the system. bpftool supports interaction with the BPF filesystem, loading various program types from an object file into the kernel and much more.

    https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux.git/tree/tools/bpf/bpftool

  • cilium/ebpf

    cilium/ebpf (ebpf-go) is a pure Go library that provides utilities for loading, compiling, and debugging eBPF programs. It has minimal external dependencies and is intended to be used in long-running processes.

    Its bpf2go utility automates away compiling eBPF C programs and embedding them into Go binaries.

    It implements attaching programs to various kernel hooks, as well as kprobes and uprobes for tracing arbitrary kernel and user space functions. It also features a complete assembler that allows constructing eBPF programs at runtime using Go, or modifying them after they’ve been loaded from an ELF object.

    https://github.com/cilium/ebpf

  • ebpf_asm

    ebpf_asm provides an assembler for BPF programs written in an Intel-like assembly syntax, and therefore offers an alternative for writing BPF programs directly in assembly for cases where programs are rather small and simple without needing the clang / LLVM toolchain.

    https://github.com/Xilinx-CNS/ebpf_asm

XDP Newbies

There are a couple of walk-through posts by David S. Miller to the xdp-newbies mailing list (http://vger.kernel.org/vger-lists.html#xdp-newbies), which explain various parts of XDP and BPF:

  1. May 2017,

    BPF Verifier Overview, David S. Miller, https://www.spinics.net/lists/xdp-newbies/msg00185.html

  1. May 2017,

    Contextually speaking…, David S. Miller, https://www.spinics.net/lists/xdp-newbies/msg00181.html

  1. May 2017,

    bpf.h and you…, David S. Miller, https://www.spinics.net/lists/xdp-newbies/msg00179.html

  1. Apr 2017,

    XDP example of the day, David S. Miller, https://www.spinics.net/lists/xdp-newbies/msg00009.html

BPF Newsletter

Alexander Alemayhu initiated a newsletter around BPF roughly once per week covering latest developments around BPF in Linux kernel land and its surrounding ecosystem in user space.

All BPF update newsletters (01 - 12) can be found here:

And for the news on the latest resources and developments in the eBPF world, please refer to the link here:

Podcasts

There have been a number of technical podcasts partially covering BPF. Incomplete list:

  1. Feb 2017,

    Linux Networking Update from Netdev Conference, Thomas Graf, Software Gone Wild, Show 71, https://blog.ipspace.net/2017/02/linux-networking-update-from-netdev.html https://www.ipspace.net/nuggets/podcast/Show_71-NetDev_Update.mp3

  1. Jan 2017,

    The IO Visor Project, Brenden Blanco, OVS Orbit, Episode 23, https://ovsorbit.org/#e23 https://ovsorbit.org/episode-23.mp3

  1. Oct 2016,

    Fast Linux Packet Forwarding, Thomas Graf, Software Gone Wild, Show 64, https://blog.ipspace.net/2016/10/fast-linux-packet-forwarding-with.html https://www.ipspace.net/nuggets/podcast/Show_64-Cilium_with_Thomas_Graf.mp3

  1. Aug 2016,

    P4 on the Edge, John Fastabend, OVS Orbit, Episode 11, https://ovsorbit.org/#e11 https://ovsorbit.org/episode-11.mp3

  1. May 2016,

    Cilium, Thomas Graf, OVS Orbit, Episode 4, https://ovsorbit.org/#e4 https://ovsorbit.org/episode-4.mp3

Blog posts

The following (incomplete) list includes blog posts around BPF, XDP and related projects:

  1. May 2017,

    An entertaining eBPF XDP adventure, Suchakra Sharma, https://suchakra.wordpress.com/2017/05/23/an-entertaining-ebpf-xdp-adventure/

  1. May 2017,

    eBPF, part 2: Syscall and Map Types, Ferris Ellis, https://ferrisellis.com/posts/ebpf_syscall_and_maps/

  1. May 2017,

    Monitoring the Control Plane, Gary Berger, https://www.firstclassfunc.com/2018/07/monitoring-the-control-plane/

  1. Apr 2017,

    USENIX/LISA 2016 Linux bcc/BPF Tools, Brendan Gregg, http://www.brendangregg.com/blog/2017-04-29/usenix-lisa-2016-bcc-bpf-tools.html

  1. Apr 2017,

    Liveblog: Cilium for Network and Application Security with BPF and XDP, Scott Lowe, https://blog.scottlowe.org/2017/04/18/black-belt-cilium/

  1. Apr 2017,

    eBPF, part 1: Past, Present, and Future, Ferris Ellis, https://ferrisellis.com/posts/ebpf_past_present_future/

  1. Mar 2017,

    Analyzing KVM Hypercalls with eBPF Tracing, Suchakra Sharma, https://suchakra.wordpress.com/2017/03/31/analyzing-kvm-hypercalls-with-ebpf-tracing/

  1. Jan 2017,

    Golang bcc/BPF Function Tracing, Brendan Gregg, http://www.brendangregg.com/blog/2017-01-31/golang-bcc-bpf-function-tracing.html

  1. Dec 2016,

    Give me 15 minutes and I’ll change your view of Linux tracing, Brendan Gregg, http://www.brendangregg.com/blog/2016-12-27/linux-tracing-in-15-minutes.html

  1. Nov 2016,

    Cilium: Networking and security for containers with BPF and XDP, Daniel Borkmann, https://opensource.googleblog.com/2016/11/cilium-networking-and-security.html

  1. Nov 2016,

    Linux bcc/BPF tcplife: TCP Lifespans, Brendan Gregg, http://www.brendangregg.com/blog/2016-11-30/linux-bcc-tcplife.html

  1. Oct 2016,

    DTrace for Linux 2016, Brendan Gregg, http://www.brendangregg.com/blog/2016-10-27/dtrace-for-linux-2016.html

  1. Oct 2016,

    Linux 4.9’s Efficient BPF-based Profiler, Brendan Gregg, http://www.brendangregg.com/blog/2016-10-21/linux-efficient-profiler.html

  1. Oct 2016,

    Linux bcc tcptop, Brendan Gregg, http://www.brendangregg.com/blog/2016-10-15/linux-bcc-tcptop.html

  1. Oct 2016,

    Linux bcc/BPF Node.js USDT Tracing, Brendan Gregg, http://www.brendangregg.com/blog/2016-10-12/linux-bcc-nodejs-usdt.html

  1. Oct 2016,

    Linux bcc/BPF Run Queue (Scheduler) Latency, Brendan Gregg, http://www.brendangregg.com/blog/2016-10-08/linux-bcc-runqlat.html

  1. Oct 2016,

    Linux bcc ext4 Latency Tracing, Brendan Gregg, http://www.brendangregg.com/blog/2016-10-06/linux-bcc-ext4dist-ext4slower.html

  1. Oct 2016,

    Linux MySQL Slow Query Tracing with bcc/BPF, Brendan Gregg, http://www.brendangregg.com/blog/2016-10-04/linux-bcc-mysqld-qslower.html

  1. Oct 2016,

    Linux bcc Tracing Security Capabilities, Brendan Gregg, http://www.brendangregg.com/blog/2016-10-01/linux-bcc-security-capabilities.html

  1. Sep 2016,

    Suricata bypass feature, Eric Leblond, https://www.stamus-networks.com/blog/2016/09/28/suricata-bypass-feature

  1. Aug 2016,

    Introducing the p0f BPF compiler, Gilberto Bertin, https://blog.cloudflare.com/introducing-the-p0f-bpf-compiler/

  1. Jun 2016,

    Ubuntu Xenial bcc/BPF, Brendan Gregg, http://www.brendangregg.com/blog/2016-06-14/ubuntu-xenial-bcc-bpf.html

  1. Mar 2016,

    Linux BPF/bcc Road Ahead, March 2016, Brendan Gregg, http://www.brendangregg.com/blog/2016-03-28/linux-bpf-bcc-road-ahead-2016.html

  1. Mar 2016,

    Linux BPF Superpowers, Brendan Gregg, http://www.brendangregg.com/blog/2016-03-05/linux-bpf-superpowers.html

  1. Feb 2016,

    Linux eBPF/bcc uprobes, Brendan Gregg, http://www.brendangregg.com/blog/2016-02-08/linux-ebpf-bcc-uprobes.html

  1. Feb 2016,

    Who is waking the waker? (Linux chain graph prototype), Brendan Gregg, http://www.brendangregg.com/blog/2016-02-05/ebpf-chaingraph-prototype.html

  1. Feb 2016,

    Linux Wakeup and Off-Wake Profiling, Brendan Gregg, http://www.brendangregg.com/blog/2016-02-01/linux-wakeup-offwake-profiling.html

  1. Jan 2016,

    Linux eBPF Off-CPU Flame Graph, Brendan Gregg, http://www.brendangregg.com/blog/2016-01-20/ebpf-offcpu-flame-graph.html

  1. Jan 2016,

    Linux eBPF Stack Trace Hack, Brendan Gregg, http://www.brendangregg.com/blog/2016-01-18/ebpf-stack-trace-hack.html

  1. Sep 2015,

    Linux Networking, Tracing and IO Visor, a New Systems Performance Tool for a Distributed World, Suchakra Sharma, https://thenewstack.io/comparing-dtrace-iovisor-new-systems-performance-platform-advance-linux-networking-virtualization/

  1. Aug 2015,

    BPF Internals - II, Suchakra Sharma, https://suchakra.wordpress.com/2015/08/12/bpf-internals-ii/

  1. May 2015,

    eBPF: One Small Step, Brendan Gregg, http://www.brendangregg.com/blog/2015-05-15/ebpf-one-small-step.html

  1. May 2015,

    BPF Internals - I, Suchakra Sharma, https://suchakra.wordpress.com/2015/05/18/bpf-internals-i/

  1. Jul 2014,

    Introducing the BPF Tools, Marek Majkowski, https://blog.cloudflare.com/introducing-the-bpf-tools/

  1. May 2014,

    BPF - the forgotten bytecode, Marek Majkowski, https://blog.cloudflare.com/bpf-the-forgotten-bytecode/

Books

BPF Performance Tools (Gregg, Addison Wesley, 2019)

Talks

The following (incomplete) list includes talks and conference papers related to BPF and XDP:

  1. July 2021,

    eBPF & Cilium Office Hours episode 13: XDP Hands-on Tutorial, with Liz Rice, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YUI78vC4qSQ&t=300s

  1. June 2021,

    eBPF & Cilium Office Hours episode 9: XDP and Load Balancing, with Daniel Borkmann, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OIyPm6K4ooY&t=308s

  1. May 2017,

    PyCon 2017, Portland, Executing python functions in the linux kernel by transpiling to bpf, Alex Gartrell, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CpqMroMBGP4

  1. May 2017,

    gluecon 2017, Denver, Cilium + BPF: Least Privilege Security on API Call Level for Microservices, Dan Wendlandt, http://gluecon.com/#agenda

  1. May 2017,

    Lund Linux Con, Lund, XDP - eXpress Data Path, Jesper Dangaard Brouer, http://people.netfilter.org/hawk/presentations/LLC2017/XDP_DDoS_protecting_LLC2017.pdf

  1. May 2017,

    Polytechnique Montreal, Trace Aggregation and Collection with eBPF, Suchakra Sharma, https://nova.polymtl.ca/~suchakra/eBPF-5May2017.pdf

  1. Apr 2017,

    DockerCon, Austin, Cilium - Network and Application Security with BPF and XDP, Thomas Graf, https://www.slideshare.net/ThomasGraf5/dockercon-2017-cilium-network-and-application-security-with-bpf-and-xdp

  1. Apr 2017,

    NetDev 2.1, Montreal, XDP Mythbusters, David S. Miller, https://netdevconf.info/2.1/slides/apr7/miller-XDP-MythBusters.pdf

  1. Apr 2017,

    NetDev 2.1, Montreal, Droplet: DDoS countermeasures powered by BPF + XDP, Huapeng Zhou, Doug Porter, Ryan Tierney, Nikita Shirokov, https://netdevconf.info/2.1/slides/apr6/zhou-netdev-xdp-2017.pdf

  1. Apr 2017,

    NetDev 2.1, Montreal, XDP in practice: integrating XDP in our DDoS mitigation pipeline, Gilberto Bertin, https://netdevconf.info/2.1/slides/apr6/bertin_Netdev-XDP.pdf

  1. Apr 2017,

    NetDev 2.1, Montreal, XDP for the Rest of Us, Andy Gospodarek, Jesper Dangaard Brouer, https://netdevconf.info/2.1/slides/apr7/gospodarek-Netdev2.1-XDP-for-the-Rest-of-Us_Final.pdf

  1. Mar 2017,

    SCALE15x, Pasadena, Linux 4.x Tracing: Performance Analysis with bcc/BPF, Brendan Gregg, https://www.slideshare.net/brendangregg/linux-4x-tracing-performance-analysis-with-bccbpf

  1. Mar 2017,

    XDP Inside and Out, David S. Miller, https://raw.githubusercontent.com/iovisor/bpf-docs/master/XDP_Inside_and_Out.pdf

  1. Mar 2017,

    OpenSourceDays, Copenhagen, XDP - eXpress Data Path, Used for DDoS protection, Jesper Dangaard Brouer, http://people.netfilter.org/hawk/presentations/OpenSourceDays2017/XDP_DDoS_protecting_osd2017.pdf

  1. Mar 2017,

    source{d}, Infrastructure 2017, Madrid, High-performance Linux monitoring with eBPF, Alfonso Acosta, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k4jqTLtdrxQ

  1. Feb 2017,

    FOSDEM 2017, Brussels, Stateful packet processing with eBPF, an implementation of OpenState interface, Quentin Monnet, https://archive.fosdem.org/2017/schedule/event/stateful_ebpf/

  1. Feb 2017,

    FOSDEM 2017, Brussels, eBPF and XDP walkthrough and recent updates, Daniel Borkmann, http://borkmann.ch/talks/2017_fosdem.pdf

  1. Feb 2017,

    FOSDEM 2017, Brussels, Cilium - BPF & XDP for containers, Thomas Graf, https://archive.fosdem.org/2017/schedule/event/cilium/

  1. Jan 2017,

    linuxconf.au, Hobart, BPF: Tracing and more, Brendan Gregg, https://www.slideshare.net/brendangregg/bpf-tracing-and-more

  1. Dec 2016,

    USENIX LISA 2016, Boston, Linux 4.x Tracing Tools: Using BPF Superpowers, Brendan Gregg, https://www.slideshare.net/brendangregg/linux-4x-tracing-tools-using-bpf-superpowers

  1. Nov 2016,

    Linux Plumbers, Santa Fe, Cilium: Networking & Security for Containers with BPF & XDP, Thomas Graf, https://www.slideshare.net/ThomasGraf5/clium-container-networking-with-bpf-xdp

  1. Nov 2016,

    OVS Conference, Santa Clara, Offloading OVS Flow Processing using eBPF, William (Cheng-Chun) Tu, http://www.openvswitch.org/support/ovscon2016/7/1120-tu.pdf

  1. Oct 2016,

    One.com, Copenhagen, XDP - eXpress Data Path, Intro and future use-cases, Jesper Dangaard Brouer, http://people.netfilter.org/hawk/presentations/xdp2016/xdp_intro_and_use_cases_sep2016.pdf

  1. Oct 2016,

    Docker Distributed Systems Summit, Berlin, Cilium: Networking & Security for Containers with BPF & XDP, Thomas Graf, https://www.slideshare.net/Docker/cilium-bpf-xdp-for-containers-66969823

  1. Oct 2016,

    NetDev 1.2, Tokyo, Data center networking stack, Tom Herbert, https://netdevconf.info/1.2/session.html?tom-herbert

  1. Oct 2016,

    NetDev 1.2, Tokyo, Fast Programmable Networks & Encapsulated Protocols, David S. Miller, https://netdevconf.info/1.2/session.html?david-miller-keynote

  1. Oct 2016,

    NetDev 1.2, Tokyo, XDP workshop - Introduction, experience, and future development, Tom Herbert, https://netdevconf.info/1.2/session.html?herbert-xdp-workshop

  1. Oct 2016,

    NetDev1.2, Tokyo, The adventures of a Suricate in eBPF land, Eric Leblond, https://netdevconf.info/1.2/slides/oct6/10_suricata_ebpf.pdf

  1. Oct 2016,

    NetDev1.2, Tokyo, cls_bpf/eBPF updates since netdev 1.1, Daniel Borkmann, http://borkmann.ch/talks/2016_tcws.pdf

  1. Oct 2016,

    NetDev1.2, Tokyo, Advanced programmability and recent updates with tc’s cls_bpf, Daniel Borkmann, http://borkmann.ch/talks/2016_netdev2.pdf https://netdevconf.info/1.2/papers/borkmann.pdf

  1. Oct 2016,

    NetDev 1.2, Tokyo, eBPF/XDP hardware offload to SmartNICs, Jakub Kicinski, Nic Viljoen, https://netdevconf.info/1.2/papers/eBPF_HW_OFFLOAD.pdf

  1. Aug 2016,

    LinuxCon, Toronto, What Can BPF Do For You?, Brenden Blanco, https://events.static.linuxfound.org/sites/events/files/slides/iovisor-lc-bof-2016.pdf

  1. Aug 2016,

    LinuxCon, Toronto, Cilium - Fast IPv6 Container Networking with BPF and XDP, Thomas Graf, https://www.slideshare.net/ThomasGraf5/cilium-fast-ipv6-container-networking-with-bpf-and-xdp

  1. Aug 2016,

    P4, EBPF and Linux TC Offload, Dinan Gunawardena, Jakub Kicinski, https://de.slideshare.net/Open-NFP/p4-epbf-and-linux-tc-offload

  1. Jul 2016,

    Linux Meetup, Santa Clara, eXpress Data Path, Brenden Blanco, https://www.slideshare.net/IOVisor/express-data-path-linux-meetup-santa-clara-july-2016

  1. Jul 2016,

    Linux Meetup, Santa Clara, CETH for XDP, Yan Chan, Yunsong Lu, https://www.slideshare.net/IOVisor/ceth-for-xdp-linux-meetup-santa-clara-july-2016

  1. May 2016,

    P4 workshop, Stanford, P4 on the Edge, John Fastabend, https://schd.ws/hosted_files/2016p4workshop/1d/Intel%20Fastabend-P4%20on%20the%20Edge.pdf

  1. Mar 2016,

    Performance @Scale 2016, Menlo Park, Linux BPF Superpowers, Brendan Gregg, https://www.slideshare.net/brendangregg/linux-bpf-superpowers

  1. Mar 2016,

    eXpress Data Path, Tom Herbert, Alexei Starovoitov, https://raw.githubusercontent.com/iovisor/bpf-docs/master/Express_Data_Path.pdf

  1. Feb 2016,

    NetDev1.1, Seville, On getting tc classifier fully programmable with cls_bpf, Daniel Borkmann, http://borkmann.ch/talks/2016_netdev.pdf https://netdevconf.info/1.1/proceedings/papers/On-getting-tc-classifier-fully-programmable-with-cls-bpf.pdf

  1. Jan 2016,

    FOSDEM 2016, Brussels, Linux tc and eBPF, Daniel Borkmann, http://borkmann.ch/talks/2016_fosdem.pdf

  1. Oct 2015,

    LinuxCon Europe, Dublin, eBPF on the Mainframe, Michael Holzheu, https://events.static.linuxfound.org/sites/events/files/slides/ebpf_on_the_mainframe_lcon_2015.pdf

  1. Aug 2015,

    Tracing Summit, Seattle, LLTng’s Trace Filtering and beyond (with some eBPF goodness, of course!), Suchakra Sharma, https://raw.githubusercontent.com/iovisor/bpf-docs/master/ebpf_excerpt_20Aug2015.pdf

  1. Jun 2015,

    LinuxCon Japan, Tokyo, Exciting Developments in Linux Tracing, Elena Zannoni, https://events.static.linuxfound.org/sites/events/files/slides/tracing-linux-ezannoni-linuxcon-ja-2015_0.pdf

  1. Feb 2015,

    Collaboration Summit, Santa Rosa, BPF: In-kernel Virtual Machine, Alexei Starovoitov, https://events.static.linuxfound.org/sites/events/files/slides/bpf_collabsummit_2015feb20.pdf

  1. Feb 2015,

    NetDev 0.1, Ottawa, BPF: In-kernel Virtual Machine, Alexei Starovoitov, https://netdevconf.info/0.1/sessions/15.html

  1. Feb 2014,

    DevConf.cz, Brno, tc and cls_bpf: lightweight packet classifying with BPF, Daniel Borkmann, http://borkmann.ch/talks/2014_devconf.pdf

Further Documents